Getting to know the types of Handmade carpet and its types

Handmade carpet and its types: Iranian hand-woven carpets have long had a special place in all parts of the world and are a kind of symbol of Iranian art. Enthusiasts all over the world admit that the best hand-woven carpets in the world belong to Iran.

Ever since man knew himself and felt the need for life’s necessities, he thought of having textiles to protect him from the cold and harshness of the earth. Wool and hair of animals were the first findings of humans to fulfill this need, and subsequently, the skin of these animals was the first substrate or in other words, their carpet.

Following the evolution, humans learned that by mixing and pressing wool fibers, they can prepare a thicker and warmer substrate called felt, and by learning spinning techniques, they can produce woolen threads. And for the first time, by merging the horizontal and vertical strands of wool threads, he invented the carpet, and this was the beginning of the invention of the knotted or tufted carpet, which was a more advanced art and technique.

In 1328, the first knotted carpets were used as horse covers or in desert dwellers’ tents, and then many improvements were made in the production of this product. Researchers believe that the beginning of the flourishing of the art of carpet weaving in Iran dates back to the 16th and 17th centuries.

Iranian carpets have been famous and used for a long time, and the Greek historian Xenophon wrote in his biography of Cyrus between 430 and 345 BC: “Iranians spread carpets under their beds so that their beds are soft.”

Variation in the production method, size, material, color, and differences in appearance and structure have all made Iranian handwoven carpets to have different types, each of which has a specific name.

Handmade carpet and its types

Types of hand-woven carpets in terms of size

The most common sizes of Iranian handwoven carpets are 6 meters, 9 meters, 12 meters and 24 meters, which are chosen according to the space of the environment. The size of the carpet is 2 x 3 meters, 2.5 x 3.5 meters, 4 x 3 meters, and 4 x 6 meters.

Types of hand-woven carpets

Handwoven carpets are divided into three types: urban, rural and nomadic

• Urban carpet: it means the carpet that is woven in cities. Urban woven carpet, which is woven by urban weavers, is delicate and has a high number and has a special plan and design.

• Rural carpet: It is a carpet that is woven in a simple and primitive way in the villages. Rural carpets are mostly woven without a plan (mental weaving).

• Nomadic carpets: Nomadic and tribal carpets are simple and primitive like rural carpets, with motifs originating from the environment and life of tribal people. Ili carpet is available in small sizes in rough and coarse weave. The side of the Ili carpet has a complex texture that often has short woolen tassels attached to it at certain intervals.

Types of Iranian hand-woven carpets in terms of design

The hand-woven carpets of the cities of Isfahan, Kerman and Tabriz, among other cities, have always been famous, which include:

• Kashan hand-woven carpet: Kashan hand-woven carpet is one of the most popular carpets among Iranians. This carpet is known in Iran and the world and is sold in various designs and colors. The immense beauty and unique quality of Kashan handwoven carpets has made the buying and selling of customers flourish.

• Tabriz hand-woven carpet: Another famous city in Iran that is known for producing hand-woven carpets and has countless fans is the beautiful city of Tabriz. The artist weaving house of this city weaves carpets in special designs and colors. The elegance that exists in this type of carpet can be seen in the least hand-woven carpets, and since the distant past, the city of Tabriz has been the cradle of the production and distribution of all kinds of hand-woven carpets in various designs and models.

• Isfahan hand-woven carpet: There are many artists and weavers in this city who weave carpets and produce carpets with delicate and beautiful designs.

• Qom hand-woven carpet: Qom city also has something to say about the art of carpet weaving. Qom hand-woven carpets have special colors with various designs.

• Nayin hand-woven carpet: Another city that is skilled in hand-woven carpet weaving is Nayin city. The art of carpet weaving in this city is done in a professional and special way, just like in Isfahan and Tabriz.

Types of Iranian handwoven carpets in terms of material

According to the materials used, handwoven carpets can be classified into 5 groups:

• Woolen: A carpet whose warp and weft is made of cotton and whose pile is wool is called woolen carpet. It should be noted that wool is used instead of cotton among the tribes and nomads.

• All silk: carpets whose piles are made of silk are called all silk.

• Silk flowers: In these types of carpets, silk is used instead of wool pile in the patterns and around the borders, and usually the pile of such carpets is made of silk.

• Silk floor: in the field of such carpets, silk pile is used instead of wool pile.

• Souf: Souf carpet; It is a type of carpet whose background is made of thick and thin fabric and the patterns of flowers and bushes are fluffy.

Handmade carpet price

Types of Iranian handwoven carpets in terms of design

• Designs of ancient works and Islamic buildings: this group includes all designs that are taken from the motifs and decorative shapes of buildings and their tiling.

• Shah Abbasi designs: The basis of all Shah Abbasi designs is based on the use of Shah Abbasi’s famous flower in this design. Shah Abbasi flowers, along with Khatai bands and sometimes combined with Eslimi, create different types of carpet motifs.

• Eslimi designs: The main form of these designs is based on regular circulation and slime motifs. Eslimi designs have different types and shapes that are classified by themselves.

• Frame designs: the carpet is gridded with geometric shapes, squares and rhombuses, and inside each of these houses motifs such as flower pots, flowers, branches, trees such as cypress and willow, birds, etc. are drawn.

• Frame designs: the carpet is gridded with geometric shapes, squares and rhombuses, and inside each of these houses motifs such as flower pots, flowers, branches, trees such as cypress and willow, birds, etc. are drawn.

• Adapted designs: Most of the designs of this group are very similar to the carpet designs of the border areas of Iran and neighboring countries, Iranians have made changes in it using their intelligence and ingenuity. For this reason, they are known as adaptation designs.

• Afshan designs: the shapes and components of most of the designs are drawn continuously and without interruption, while in the Afshan design, the components of the design are scattered and separated from each other but with a regular distance from each other. In this design, all the strings, flowers and leaves in the carpet text are scattered and none of the flowers and leaves have similarities.

• Nomadic designs: These designs are generally woven by Iranian nomads, and most of the designs and decorations are taken from the minds of carpet weavers.

• Combined plans: these plans have been created over time and by merging different plans. Some combined designs are very attractive due to the beautiful and correct combination of different motifs.

• Connected designs: When a small part of the design in the carpet text is repeated in the longitudinal and transverse directions and connected to each other by a clip, it is called a layout.

• Turkmen designs: Turkmen designs are in the group of geometric motifs and are woven mentally.

• Tree design: The shapes of trees, foliage and bushes are the main elements of this design.

• Hunting designs: its plans show hunting scenes and hunting grounds.

• Vase designs: the shape of a vase with flower branches is the main and dominant element of the design. Large and small sizes with parallel rows cover the entire carpet.

• Tangled fish design: It is an original and beautiful design. Its constituent element reminds of the role of fish.

• Flower designs: all the designs of this group are based on multi-colored flowers, flower pots and natural flowers, especially roses with very bright colors such as yellow, blue and red.

• Altar designs: The main design in this group is based on the altar. The place in mosques is the place where the imam prays.

• Geometric designs: All the designs are geometric shapes and are made using angled lines.

Carpets have their own types, which we should know according to the application they have for us or are intended for us. By getting to know the material and types of carpets as well as possible, we can make the best choice.

Handmade carpets abroad

The boundless beauty of Iranian carpets and the major production of this product by Iranian manufacturers has made this product to have many fans abroad as well, as seen in many luxurious foreign homes of Iranian handwoven carpets. Iranian carpets are exported to about 80 to 100 countries in the world, and the most important export markets for Iranian handwoven carpets and rugs include the UAE, Lebanon, Italy, Pakistan, Germany and France.

European and Asian countries have a large share of Iranian handwoven carpets. This is despite the fact that due to the major production of raw materials for handwoven carpets inside the country, there is no problem in supplying these materials despite the sanctions and the export of this product continues to other countries of the world.

Handmade carpet

Buying handmade carpets

Today, one of the most important things that is important for people, especially housewives, is the beauty and elegance of the interior design of the house. However, buying traditional equipment can help people a lot in this field. In the meantime, buying an Iranian hand-woven carpet is one of those things that many people have paid for to decorate their homes. Be careful, in order to make a good and correct purchase, you can consult with the sales consultants in this field and then proceed to purchase this product, because due to the experience these people have in the field of buying and selling all kinds of carpets, especially the hand-woven type, they can help and guide you to choose its design and model.

The price of handmade carpet

One of the most important points that arise for customers when buying an Iranian handwoven carpet is the price of this product. Note that despite the unique variety that exists in this product, it can naturally be said that the price of each of them has differences, and the better the quality and density of the carpet you want, the higher the price. In addition to this, another important point regarding the pricing of hand-woven carpets is the way to buy this product, so that if the customer buys hand-woven carpets directly from its producers, he will be able to get a quality product at the same time. Buy at a reasonable price. One of these methods is buying directly from virtual stores, because in this store, middlemen and brokers have been removed and the product reaches the customer directly.

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