Fig Fruit

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Figs are known as dark mulberries and originate from the Ficus plant family. They are native to the Mediterranean areas, therefore they love warmer climate. However they grow also in the north. The trees have broad, hairy leaves with deep grooves. They have a deciduous tree, so that with the beginning of fall, the green leaves of this plant turn yellow and orange, and eventually fall off. This tree is originally native to parts of Southwest Asia and the Middle East.

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fig fruit

The fig fruit is a unique and delicious fruit that comes from the fig tree. It has been cultivated for thousands of years and is consumed worldwide. Here is a description of the fig fruit:


Fig fruits are small to medium-sized, typically ranging from 1 to 2.5 inches in length. They have a unique shape, with a rounded or pear-like structure. The exterior skin of figs can vary in color, including shades of green, purple, black, or brown, depending on the variety. The skin is smooth and thin, but it may be slightly wrinkled when the fruit ripens.

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The texture of a fig is soft and tender, with a delicate yet slightly grainy feel. When ripe, the flesh is juicy and succulent, with a slightly chewy consistency. The seeds of the fig are edible and add a subtle crunch to the overall texture.


Figs have a sweet and honey-like flavor often described as rich and luscious. The taste can vary depending on the variety, but it generally has a mild and pleasant sweetness. Ripe figs are known for their natural sweetness and subtle caramel or berry-like hints.

Internal Structure:

When you cut open a fig, you’ll find a unique internal structure. The flesh of the fruit is typically pale pink to reddish in color, with numerous tiny edible seeds distributed throughout. The seeds are small and add a slight crunch to the fruit.

Nutritional Profile:

Figs are not only delicious but also offer several nutritional benefits. They are a good source of dietary fiber, vitamins (such as vitamin B6, vitamin K, and vitamin C), minerals (including potassium, calcium, and magnesium), and antioxidants. Figs are also relatively low in calories and fat.


There are numerous fig varieties, each with its own unique characteristics. Common varieties include Black Mission, Brown Turkey, Kadota, Calimyrna, and Adriatic. Different varieties may vary in terms of color, size, sweetness, and flavor profile.


Figs can be enjoyed in various ways. They can be eaten fresh, either on their own or added to salads, yogurt, or oatmeal. They are also commonly used in baking, making delicious additions to cakes, muffins, bread, and pastries. Additionally, figs can be dried, and their sweet and chewy texture makes them a popular ingredient in trail mixes, granola bars, and other snacks.

Harvesting Season:

The fig fruit is typically harvested during the summer and early fall months, depending on the region. The best time to enjoy fresh figs is when they are fully ripe, as they are at their peak flavor and sweetness.

Fig is in short a delectable and versatile fruit with a sweet taste, tender texture, and unique internal structure. Its nutritional benefits and culinary versatility make it a popular choice for both fresh consumption and various culinary applications.

Benefits of figs

Figs offer several health benefits due to their nutritional content. Here are some of the potential benefits of consuming figs:

High in fiber:

Figs are a good source of dietary fiber, which is essential for maintaining healthy digestion. Fiber helps regulate bowel movements, prevents constipation, and promotes a healthy gut. It can also contribute to weight management by promoting a feeling of fullness.

Rich in antioxidants:

Figs contain various antioxidants, including phenolic compounds and flavonoids, which help protect the body against oxidative stress and damage caused by free radicals. Antioxidants have been associated with a reduced risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders.

Source of essential nutrients:

Figs provide essential nutrients, including vitamins and minerals. They are a good source of potassium, which is important for maintaining proper heart function and blood pressure regulation. Figs also contain calcium, magnesium, iron, and vitamin K, which are important for bone health and blood clotting.

Potential digestive health benefits:

Figs have been used traditionally to support digestive health. Due to their high fiber content, they may help alleviate constipation and promote regularity. Figs also contain enzymes, such as ficin, which can aid in digestion.

Helps manage blood sugar levels:

The fiber content in figs can help slow down the absorption of sugar in the bloodstream, potentially helping to regulate blood sugar levels. However, it’s important to monitor portion sizes and consider overall carbohydrate intake, especially for individuals with diabetes or insulin resistance.

Supports heart health:

The high potassium content in figs, combined with their low sodium content, makes them beneficial for heart health. Potassium helps maintain proper heart rhythm and promotes healthy blood vessels, reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Has anti-inflammatory effects:

Some studies suggest that figs may have anti-inflammatory properties due to the presence of certain compounds. Chronic inflammation has been linked to various diseases, including heart disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Consuming figs as part of an overall balanced diet may contribute to reducing inflammation in the body.

It’s important to note that individual results may vary, and the health benefits of figs should be considered within the context of an overall healthy and balanced diet. Moreover, if you have specific health concerns or conditions, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian for personalized advice.

Fig Fruit
Fig Fruit

Types of edible figs

There are different types of edible figs as follows:

Green figs

The green fig, as its name implies, produces green fruits and has a circular crown and vertical growth. It has a high yield. It has dense branches and leaves and usually has several trunks. The fruit of this plant is very sweet and has thin skin. It is also rich in various vitamins.

Black figs

Black fig is a variety of fig with dark purple fruit and a wide crown that is resistant to cold. It has a thin skin and has a sour and sweet taste that is suitable for eating fresh.

Shah figs

It is another type of edible fig that has a medium yield. The fruit of this plant is golden yellow and it is like a pear. The fruit of this plant is very suitable for eating fresh and also has a sweet taste.

Mati figs

It is another type of edible fig that has a medium yield and a broad crown. The fruit of this plant is yellow and has a sweet taste. It`s mostly used for eating fresh and preparing jams. The fruit of this plant is not appropriate to dry.

Elmi figs

Elmi is another species of fig tree with a black fruit and a darker tip than other sections. It is a medium-sized fig that has a sour and sweet taste and is suitable for eating fresh.

Plantain figs

Plantain figs have yellowish-green fruits and are used for eating and drying.

Rono figs

It grows little, but has good yields. Its fruit is white and the flesh of the fruit is lemon yellow. It has sweet, juicy and fleshy fruit and is considered an early tree.

Kaski Figs

It`s good for eating fresh and has a sour and sweet taste with many properties.

Sanpedro figs

This fig produces two types of products. The first crop does not require pollination, but the second crop need it, since if there is no pollination, the fruit will fall off. The species have different varieties.

Mishen figs

They have dark-skinned fruits and a sweet taste. This fig is one of the best varieties. This species is more common in the United States and is sensitive to cold.

Kolesteh Figs

It has a sweet taste. It is also called “sugar fig” and has a good variety for making jams and eating fresh. The outer skin of the fruit is light purple and the fleshy part is yellow.

Kadota figs

Kadota fig is one of the most common species of fig tree. Its fruit is yellow and green and its fleshy part is red. The fruit of this plant ripens in late summer. It`s suitable for eating fresh and making jams and jellies.

Brown Turkish figs

Turkish brown figs have shiny leaves. They are pear-shaped and have reddish-brown fruits with a fleshy part which is red.

Adriatic figs

Adriatic figs are yellowish green with a fleshy red color. The sweetness of this type of fig is less compared to other species.

Brown figs

Brown figs have a sweet taste and are very fleshy and juicy. They grow like short shrubs and their leaves are relatively big and green

Calimyrna figs

Calimyrna fig is green in color which has a sweet taste. It has a thick skin.

Types of wild figs

Wild figs have different varieties, which are as follows:

Ficus Benghalensis

This is a species of wild fig native to parts of India. This type of fig can be also found in different areas of Hormozgan and Abadan cities in Iran.

Temple fig tree

This type of fig is native to parts of India with heart-shaped leaves that are green and the ends are narrower and more elongated. In Iran, this type of fig is mostly planted in pots.

Varjenuna fig

This type of fig, which is known by different names, grows mostly in the northern forests of Mazandaran province in Iran. Wood of his plant is used in carpentry to prepare citrus, boxes and so on.

Juanis figs

Juanis fig is a type of wild fig that mostly grows in areas such as Baluchistan, Fars, Kazerun, Tabas and more. It grows as a short shrub and has few leaves. The leaves of this plant have cuts. The fruit of this plant is ovoid and velvety.

How to produce fig fruit

Producing fig fruit involves cultivating and caring for fig trees. Here are the general steps involved in fig fruit production:

Selecting a suitable variety:

Choose a fig variety that is well-suited to your climate and growing conditions. There are many fig varieties available, each with its own characteristics in terms of flavor, size, and hardiness. Consult with local nurseries or agricultural extension services to determine which varieties are best suited for your area.


Select a suitable location for planting the fig trees. Figs thrive in well-drained soil with a pH ranging from 6.0 to 6.5. They prefer full sun exposure for optimal growth and fruit production. Dig a hole that is large enough to accommodate the root ball of the young fig tree, ensuring that it is planted at the same depth as it was in the nursery container. Space multiple trees at a distance of about 10 to 15 feet apart to allow for proper air circulation and growth.


Provide regular and consistent watering to young fig trees to help establish their root system. Newly planted fig trees require regular watering, about 1-2 inches per week, especially during the dry season. Once the trees are planted, they are generally drought-tolerant, but they may still benefit from occasional deep watering during prolonged dry periods.


Fertilize fig trees to ensure healthy growth and fruit production. Apply a balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10 or 14-14-14 formulation, in early spring before new growth appears. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application rates. Additionally, organic matter, such as compost or well-rotted manure, can be added to the soil around the base of the tree annually to improve soil fertility.


Prune fig trees to maintain their shape, control their size, and promote fruit production. Pruning is typically done during the dormant season, usually in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Remove any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. Thin out crowded areas to improve air circulation, which helps prevent fungal diseases. Prune back the previous year’s growth to encourage new growth and fruiting.

Pest and disease management:

Monitor fig trees for common pests such as aphids, scale insects, and spider mites. Use appropriate organic or chemical pest control methods if necessary. Keep the area around the tree free of weeds and debris to minimize pest and disease problems. Common diseases that affect fig trees include leaf spot, rust, and root rot. Proper sanitation and timely treatment with appropriate fungicides can help manage these diseases.


Fig fruits are ready to harvest when they are fully ripe and have a soft texture. Depending on the variety, the fruit color may change from green to a deeper shade (such as purple or brown) when ripe. Figs are usually picked when they are slightly drooping and have a sweet fragrance. Gently twist the fruit or use scissors to remove it from the tree, careful not to damage the fruit or the tree.

By following these steps and providing proper care, you can produce fig fruit from your own fig trees. Remember that specific techniques and considerations may vary depending on your geographic location and the specific fig variety you are growing. It can be helpful to consult with local experts or agricultural extension services for region-specific advice.

Fig tree pests

Each tree suffers from different pests and diseases that require the use of different methods to fight and eliminate pests and diseases. Fig tree is no exception, because it suffers from pests and diseases, some of which are as follows:


Ants may cause serious damage to the fig tree. This small insect damages the tree in two forms: plastophage insects, which pollinate figs, are the food of ants. Destroying this insect, the ant causes the fruits not to be inoculated properly, and finally the fruits fall off after growth. Second, it reduces the quality of the fruit. Therefore, the use of chemical toxins can be useful.

Indian moth

This moth is one of the common pests of figs that cause serious damage to the fig tree. The insect may cause damage to the dried figs as well.

Phyllophagous butterfly

As the name suggests, it is an insect species that feeds on plant leaves and causes plant leaves to fall.

Frugivorous butterfly

This pest is usually found in storages and damages dried figs.

Rhinoceros beetle

This beetle is an insect that damages the fig tree. This type of beetle has a long horn and you can use chemical toxins to kill it.

Fig fruit flies (Drosophilidae)

Fig fruit fly is an insect that causes damage to the fig tree, especially the fruit.

Fig spider mite

Fig spider mite is a common pest of fig tree that causes a lot of damage to the branches and leaves of the plant. It causes the leaves to dry out and turn yellow, making them fall off.

Canker or dried figs

Canker is a fungal disease that enters the tree through wounds and into the bark and woody tissues. It spreads and quickly causes progressive disease. In the first year of the disease there are slight changes in the shell, but the symptoms of the disease become clearer from the second year. It infects the entire diameter of the branch throughout the year and causes death. You can use chemical toxins to eliminate this disease.

Fig fruit fermentation

Fig fruit is very favorable to insects, because of its sweet taste. In case of cracking, insects enter the fig, which is one of the causes of fruit fermentation. The disease is transmitted through vinegar flies or beetle and enters the fruit through the eyes of the fig fruit and makes it sour.

Mosaic disease

Fig mosaic disease is one of the most serious diseases of the fig tree. In fact, it is a kind of virus in which several viruses are involved. This disease causes severe fruit drop before ripening.

How to harvest a fig tree

The fruit of the fig tree is harvested like any other fruit tree. When harvesting, hold the fig fruit with your hand and pull to detach it from the branch which is easily detached from the branch. Therefore, you do not need scissors or a knife. Gently place it in a box or basket, as the fruit of this plant is very soft and spoils if thrown. Continue to use this harvest method.

Use of fig tree

Fig tree has different uses which are as follows:

The fruit of this plant is used for fresh eating

They use it to make jams

The fruit of this plant is dried and then eaten

The dried fruits of this plant are used to prepare natural juices

It is used in cooking

They use it to make juice

The leaves of this plant are used in traditional medicine

Buying figs

When it comes to buying figs, there are several factors to consider, to ensure you get the best-quality fruit. Here are some explanations to help you when buying figs:


Look for figs that are plump, tender, and have a soft texture. Ripe figs should yield slightly against gentle pressure and have a sweet fragrance. Avoid figs that are overly soft, mushy, or have sour or off-putting smells. The skin of ripe figs may be slightly wrinkled but should not be excessively shriveled.


The color of figs can vary depending on the variety. Look for figs with a vibrant, rich color that is characteristic of the particular variety you are purchasing. For example, a ripe black Mission fig may have a deep purple or black hue, while a ripe Kadota fig may have a pale greenish-yellow color. However, color alone is not always a reliable indicator of ripeness, so be sure to consider other factors as well.


Figs should have a tender and juicy texture. Avoid figs that feel hard or unyielding, as they may not be fully ripe. Conversely, figs that are overly mushy or have a slimy texture may be overripe.


Figs are seasonal fruits, with peak availability varying depending on the region. It’s generally best to buy figs during their peak season, as they are more likely to be fresh and flavorful. However, figs can often be found in stores beyond their peak season, thanks to cold storage or importation. In such cases, it’s important to carefully assess their freshness and quality.


Consider the source of the figs. Locally grown figs may be fresher, as they will have spent less time in transit. If possible, buy from farmers’ markets or local fruit stands where you can ask about the origin and cultivation practices. Alternatively, if you are purchasing figs from a grocery store or supermarket, check the country of origin and the quality of the packaging.

Organic vs. conventional:

Decide whether you prefer to buy organic or conventionally grown figs. Organic figs are grown without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which may be a consideration if you prioritize organic produce. However, conventionally grown figs can also be a good option if they are sourced from reputable growers who follow sustainable and environmentally friendly practices.

Quantity and pricing:

Consider how many figs you need and compare prices across different vendors or stores. Keep in mind that prices can vary depending on factors such as variety, seasonality, and location. Consider the overall value for money based on the quality of the figs.

Remember that figs are delicate fruits and have a relatively short shelf life. If you plan to consume them within a day or two, choose ripe figs for immediate enjoyment. If you prefer slightly firmer figs or want them to last longer, select ones that are slightly less ripe.

By paying attention to freshness, color, texture, seasonality, source, organic options, quantity, and pricing, you can make informed decisions when buying figs and enjoy the best-quality fruit available.

Price of fig fruit

The price of fig fruit can vary depending on several factors, including the following:

Seasonality and Availability:

Figs are seasonal fruits, and their availability can fluctuate throughout the year. When figs are in season and abundant, their prices tend to be lower due to increased supply. However, when they are out of season or less available, prices may be higher due to limited supply and increased demand.


Different fig varieties can vary in price. Some rare or specialty varieties may be priced higher due to their unique characteristics, limited availability, or higher demand. Common varieties that are more widely available may generally have lower prices.

Quality and freshness:

The quality and freshness of figs can impact their price. Figs that are considered to be of superior quality, such as those with a perfectly ripe texture, vibrant color, and exceptional flavor, may be priced higher. Premium quality figs may also undergo more careful handling and packaging, which can contribute to higher prices.

Sourcing and location:

The sourcing of figs can affect their price. Locally grown figs may be more affordable in areas where they are cultivated, as they do not have to undergo long-distance transportation, reducing costs. Imported figs, on the other hand, may have higher prices due to transportation costs, import fees, and potential customs regulations.

Organic or conventional:

Organic figs, which are grown without synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, may be priced slightly higher than conventionally grown figs due to the additional costs associated with organic farming practices and certification.

Market and vendor:

The pricing structure can vary between different markets, grocery stores, and vendors. Larger retailers may have more competitive pricing due to their ability to source figs in bulk. Specialty stores or farmers’ markets may offer higher-quality or unique varieties of figs, which can come with a higher price tag.

Packaging and presentation:

Figs that are packaged or presented in a more attractive and convenient manner, such as pre-packaged containers or gift boxes, may be priced higher due to the added packaging and marketing costs.

It’s important to note that fig prices can also vary by region and can be influenced by local factors such as climate, demand, and production costs. Additionally, currency exchange rates and global market conditions can impact the price of imported figs.

1 review for Fig Fruit

  1. Avatar for aghai


    Good Grade and quality

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1 review for Fig Fruit

  1. Avatar for aghai


    Good Grade and quality

Add a review