Carpets and textile products are one of the most important equipment and goods that have been of special importance in human life from the past until now, because the use of these devices helps to create a sense of comfort and tranquility. One of the most unique and popular types of carpets are handmade carpets, which are also among the ancient Iranian products. The question that may arise for buyers here is what is a handmade rug? The word carpet is an Arabic phrase that has a broad meaning and refers to items such as carpet and pela. It can be said that the meaning of handmade carpet is the underlayment which is woven by hand from yarn and fabric, which is natural. It causes very beautiful designs on it and has many fans all over the world.
According to the ancient history of Iranian handmade carpets and rugs, it can now be said that the product is woven by Iranian artists, which is one of the best and most beautiful types of carpets in the world, according to international carpet experts. In 1949, the first knotted carpets were used as a caparison or in a tent. The nomads have used them and then many advances have been made by researchers in the production of this product. It is believed that the beginning of the flourishing of carpet-weaving in Iran dates back to the 16th and 17th centuries.
In recent years, with the advancement of technology in many fields, including the field of carpet production, we have witnessed many changes and developments, so that, at the beginning of production of carpets by Iranian artists, very simple patterns were implemented on these textile products, but over time, there has been a dramatic change in the production of this product; And this led to a unique diversity in the market of handmade carpets.
Historical handmade carpets
Among the important handmade carpets in the history of Iran, we can mention the following carpets and rugs:
This carpet is 2500 years old and was woven in 210×183 cm with about 3600 knots.
It`s called Khosrow Bahar Carpet which is an excellent carpet in the era of Khosrow Parviz dynasty.
Handmade carpet of Safavid era
This is the most beautiful Iranian handmade carpet indicating the creativity and genius of artists in that era. In this period, using special designs carpet weavers left about 1500 carpets and rugs.
Bergamot rug, animal landscape
Another Iranian carpet with a red background and beautiful design, made of silk has caused its high popularity.
Another beautiful carpet in the world is the Chelsea carpet which is maintained in the collection of carpets of the Victoria and Albert Museums in London.
Kashan handmade carpet
Despite what has been mentioned about the art of Iranian weavers, it is necessary to know that carpet weaving in some cities of Iran is done carefully, which has made carpets famous in these provinces. Handmade rugs of Kashan are one of the most popular carpets in Iran and the world, which comes in many designs and colors. In addition, thanks to the unique quality of Kashan handmade carpets and the boundless beauty of this product from the past to the present, the sale and purchase of this type of carpet by customers has been flourished. Very elegant and exquisite designs which are applied on handmade carpets by Kashani artists caused this popularity, so that the city of Kashan in the Safavid era was one of the most luxurious and best centers for the production of handmade carpets and rugs.
Tabriz handmade carpet
In addition to Kashan, another famous city in Iran in the field of textile products, especially carpets and rugs is the city of Tabriz and from the distant past until now, this city has been the cradle of production and distribution of all kinds of handmade carpets in different designs and models. However, it can be said that today one of the most important handicrafts of this city is carpet weaving, which has a global reputation.
The art of carpet weaving in the city of Tabriz, like Kashan, began in the Safavid period, which was related to rural areas. Gradually it turned into large carpet weaving workshops. Unparalleled expertise of artists from Tabriz in producing handmade carpets caused the most delicate, well-patterned and painted carpets of Iran to be woven in this city. Carpet weaving in the city of Tabriz is a knot with hooks and symmetrical, which is unique in its kind, however, definitely choosing the product of this city to spread in Iranian homes can be unique.
Due to the increasing spread of handmade carpets in the Iranian and world markets, you should consider several points when buying this product. Iranian hand-woven carpets are generally woven in 3 patterns: bergamot, brick and spray, the bergamot is more popular. This type of carpet has wide edges around and oval and circular designs in the middle. Also keep in mind, that there is a huge difference between handmade carpets and machine-made carpets, so that handmade carpets look extremely beautiful and are very shiny. Color symmetry is another outstanding indicator of this product, which adds to its beauty. On the other hand, keep in mind that the lint of these carpets should be shiny and flexible that stepping on it and washing it make it even more beautiful.
Design and role of handmade carpets
Apart from the quality of handmade carpets when buying this product, another very important point for customers is paying attention to the design and role of this product. Be careful if you want to buy Iranian handmade carpets you should know that in general, the design of Iranian carpets includes the following:
Shah Abbasi plan
BoteJaghe design (traditional pattern with a curved cypress tree)
Turkmen and Bukhara plan
Tangled fish design
Design of Islamic monuments and buildings
Materials used in handmade carpets
One of the most significant things that caused popularity of Iranian handmade carpets is the materials used in them which have a very high quality and this is important along with the beauty of the product. One of the material used in the weaving of hand-woven Iranian carpets is cotton and wool. It can also be said that among the nomads, wool is used instead of string.
From the types of handmade carpets, the following can be mentioned:
Its warp and weft are woven from high quality silk string: all silk carpet
Gol Abrisham: This is another type of carpet or handmade rug in which lint is used instead of silk.
There is another type of handmade carpet in which silk is used instead of wool:
Silk floor rugs: Another type of carpet whose background is used with silk instead of wool.
Souf: The background is composed of thick and thin fabric and it has patterns, flower and shrubs.
Handmade silk carpet
As it was said, one of the materials used in Iranian hand-woven carpets is silk thread, which is definitely very popular. In general, it can be said that Tabriz and Kashan carpets are among the carpets which are usually made of wool or silk, and this has led to very high quality products. Due to the fact that this type of carpet is made of silk, it naturally has a higher price than other types.
Handmade carpet celebrities
One of the things that may be of interest to lovers of Iranian handmade carpets is recognizing the celebrities of handmade carpets. From the past until now, there have been many artists and experienced figures in the field of production and distribution of Iranian handmade carpets.
Majid Salamat is one of the famous people in the field of producing these products; He was born in 1956 in Tabriz. He started painting professionally in 1986 and then designed carpets. So far, he has been able to present very diverse and numerous projects in this field with the increasing progress.
Mr. Abolfazl Rassam Arab is another master of Iranian carpet weaving, who earns his living by painting and designing carpets.
Master Habib Mohammad Ali-Nejad is also one of the other famous Iranian carpet artisits, who can definitely be called the pioneer of Azerbaijani carpets.
Master Haj Habibnejad has a special skill especially in rural and nomadic weaving, and he`s famous in international level.
Assadollah Vosoughi, another Iranian, is another pioneer of Iranian carpets in Ardabil, who initially worked with small carpets and gradually increased the dimensions of the carpets.
Handmade carpets in Iran
According to the appropriate designs with the culture of the people, Iranian home decoration requires the selection of Iranian handmade carpets. Therefore, if a person wants to have a beautiful and at the same time luxurious decoration, he/she can match the design of the carpet with other components of his/her home to create a unique and stylish atmosphere. However, the manufacturers of this product have tried many different types of hand-woven carpets in various designs and colors, so it can be said that dear customers can choose a type of this product according to their needs and tastes, they can buy and use it at home.
However, keep in mind that buying Iranian handmade carpets from famous brands can help the customer produce unique carpets and at the same time, they can be provided at a reasonable price. This way you will definitely buy a product from these brands for years and you will use these carpets frequently.
Buying a handmade rug
Today, one of the most important things for people, especially housewives, is to have a beautiful and elegant interior design of the house. However, buying traditional equipment can help people in this regard. Buying Iranian handmade carpets is one of the things that many people have done to decorate their homes. In order to have a good purchase, you can consult with sales consultants in this field and then proceed to buy this product; because of the experience that these people have in buying and selling all kinds of carpets, especially handmade ones they can guide you to choose the right design and model.
Prices of handmade carpets
One of the most important points that arises for customers when buying Iranian handmade carpets is the price of offering this product. Note that despite the unique variety of this product, we can naturally say the prices of each of them are different, and the better the quality and density of the carpet you want, the higher the price.
Another important point about the pricing of hand-woven carpets is how to buy this product. So, if the customer buys handmade carpets directly from its manufacturers, he/she will be able to buy products with a great quality and at a reasonable price. One of these methods is direct purchase from virtual stores, because in this store, intermediaries and brokers have been eliminated and the product reaches the customer directly.