What is beeswax?
Beewax is produced by three of the four pairs of sub-abdominal glands of the worker bee on days 13 to 18 after birth. Bees make wax by using carbohydrates and digesting them.
Producing wax for bees is a very hard, time-consuming and energy-consuming task. Studies have shown that a bee must fly about 25 kilometers and consume 2 kilos of honey to make 50 grams of wax.
In modern beekeeping, the beekeeper uses synthetic wax to save the bee’s time and energy so that the bee can use it to meet its needs. There is no problem with this as long as the beekeeper does not sell the wax along with the honey.
The structure of wax
Beeswax is a solid and tasteless substance that has a soft and flexible texture when pressed between the fingers, but is completely dry and brittle when cooled.
At first, the wax is white and colorless, but as a result of propolis and pollen, it turns golden to amber in color. It goes without saying that the color of the wax varies depending on the type of pollen.
Properties of beeswax
Beeswax is a very special and natural substance that you should have in your home.
1- Completely natural
Wax comes from honey combs, so it is a completely natural substance. Bees make wax by eating honey and flower pollen.
Like bee wax, it also has antioxidant and antibacterial properties.
Beeswax is antifungal because it has properties that prevent the growth of yeast and fungi.
Beeswax has been used throughout history as a sealant and insulating agent. By applying wax to the surface of the leather and heating it, the wax penetrates into the leather and insulates it.
Because of its moisturizing properties, beeswax is used in the structure of all kinds of ointments, lotions, and lip glosses.
6- It never spoils
Beeswax contains a strong and protective substance called propolis, which prevents it from spoiling. Propolis is made from the combination of tree gum, wax sheets and pollen by bees and plays a role in repairing and strengthening the hive and protecting it by creating an antiseptic fence. These protective properties are so strong that intact beeswax used to embalm corpses has been found in some ancient tombs.
Chemical composition of beeswax
So far, the exact chemical composition of beeswax has not been determined, but on average, beeswax contains the following:
Special alcohols 31%
Various acids 31%
Hydroxy acid 13%
Other items 6%
History of wax
The ancient Egyptians have been using beeswax for making various molds, for writing and embalming the bodies of the dead since about 4200 BC.
1- The use of wax in the time of the Romans
The ancient Romans used beeswax in textiles, rose dyes and pottery. Various types of wax dolls have been discovered from Greek and Roman temples. The use of wax to provide lighting has been common since ancient times, especially among the Egyptians.
2- The use of wax in the time of the Greeks
For the first time, candles were made and used by the Greeks using beeswax and linen thread.
3- Wax in the beekeeping industry
Since beeswax is very expensive and there are other sources such as vegetable, animal and synthetic waxes, waxes other than beeswax are used in the industry today.
One of the main uses of beeswax is in the beekeeping industry, and no type of wax has the quality of beeswax for this industry.
What are the benefits and harms of eating beeswax?
The presence of wax in honey is not a proof that it is natural, and sometimes wax may be added to fake honey, or the wax itself is artificial and not the product of bees.
Also, wax may be contaminated with the larvae of some insects and microbes, pollen and bee body parts, and it is necessary to know that wax is not digested in the stomach and all of it is excreted through the colon, so consuming bee wax is not beneficial for the body.
Beeswax for the stomach
The only oral use of beeswax is for the stomach. By covering stomach ulcers, beeswax prevents the effect of stomach acid on stomach ulcers, and as a result, the healing process of ulcers is accelerated.
The greatest benefits of beeswax for the body are when it is used locally and outside the body.
Uses of beeswax in general
o In the pharmaceutical industry for making creams, ointments and coating on tablets and so on.
o In dentistry to make molds of teeth
o In foundries to make molds
o In textile
o For making all kinds of waxes, polishing home appliances and leather polishing
o To make all kinds of glue
o Types of waterproof materials
o In the paper industry
o In candle making
Properties of beeswax for the skin
The benefits of beeswax for the skin are many, some of which are mentioned below
1- Treatment of body cracks
Body cracks, which are mostly the result of obesity and pregnancy, may be annoying for many people. Beeswax contains vitamin A, which is useful in the production of collagen, so it is very effective in reducing stretch marks.
2- Treatment of skin infections and skin itching
Itching and skin infections can be improved and treated with the help of beeswax. Since it has anti-inflammatory properties, it can be effective in relieving pain caused by itching and skin infections.
Applying beeswax, honey, and olive oil to the affected area three times a day for four weeks can help heal itching and skin infections.
3- Acne treatment
One of the best home remedies for acne treatment is using beeswax. Due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties and the presence of vitamin A, it is effective in treating acne and cleaning the skin from pollution and dust.
4- Joint pain relief
Consumption of beeswax in patients suffering from arthritis and arthritis reduces joint pain and inflammation. Also, another study on random patients showed that their treatment progressed faster than patients who only used chemical drugs.
5- moisturizing properties
Using beeswax to moisturize the skin is very effective and helps to treat dry, rough and flaky skin with its moisturizing properties.
6- Eczema treatment
To treat eczema and other skin problems, use a combination of beeswax, honey, pollen and olive oil. This combination can prevent the growth of bacteria that cause unfavorable conditions on the surface of the skin.
7- Lip balm
Dry lips are one of the things that can affect your beauty in addition to annoying irritation. Mix beeswax with honey, coconut oil, vitamin E oil and any oil of your choice and put it on your dry and burning lips.
8- Improvement of wrinkles
Wrinkles occur as the skin ages and thins. We have already mentioned that beeswax has moisturizing and collagen-building properties, which is why most anti-wrinkle creams and lotions are made from beeswax.
9- Treatment of hemorrhoids
Using a mixture of beeswax, honey and olive oil for 12 weeks on the affected area due to hemorrhoids reduces pain, burning and bleeding.
10- Treatment of gout
Gout is one of the most common types of arthritis and is one of the few rheumatic diseases that can be treated. Gout occurs with the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints as a result of hyperuricemia, and beeswax is useful for treating gout due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
11- Wax candles
Candles made of wax, unlike paraffin, do not drip, cut or smoke, but they do not burn for a long time.
How to store beeswax
Beeswax must be kept in a melted form, hygienic and clean, and there should be no pesticides near and next to the wax. The wax gradually crystallizes and hardens over time, which is reversible without damage.