All about rice: Rice is one of the most important food items in the world, which forms the food of more than half of the people on the planet. In general, rice grows in hot and watery areas and grows in bunches. Having a good taste and a variety of mineral salts and vitamins are the main nutrients that make up rice.
Table of Contents
Chemical composition of rice
Below is a comparison of the ingredients in 100 grams of brown rice and white rice:
|Materials||per hundred grams of brown rice||per hundred grams of white rice|
|Calorie||360 calories||362 calories|
|Water||12 grams||12 grams|
|Protein||7.5 grams||6.6 grams|
|Starch||76 grams||80 grams|
|Calcium||32 mg||25 mg|
|phosphorus||220 mg||95 mg|
|Iron||1.6 mg||0.8 mg|
|Sodium||10 mg||5 mg|
|Potassium||215 mg||90 mg|
|Vitamin B1||0.35 mg||0.06 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.05 mg||0.03 mg|
|Vitamin B3||4.8 mg||1.5 mg|
|Fiber||0.5 grams||3.5 grams|
|Fat||0.4 grams||1/6 gram|
|Unsaturated fatty acids||0.1 gram||0.6 grams|
As you can see, the amount of vitamin B1 in white rice is one sixth, vitamin B2 is half, and vitamin B3 is one third of brown rice, and its minerals are greatly reduced.
The skin or paddy of rice that is separated from it in the process of pounding is called rice bran, which is also a source of vitamins and minerals.
100 grams of rice bran contains the following ingredients:
- Energy of 275 calories
- 7.9 grams of water
- 5.13 grams of protein
- Fat 5.5 grams
- Starch 50 grams
- Calcium 75 grams
- Phosphorus 1400 mg
- Iron 20 mg
- Potassium 1500 mg
- Vitamin B1 2.25 mg
- Vitamin B2 0.25 mg
- Vitamin B3 30 mg
The brown membrane of rice, which separates from rice due to grinding in special devices or during washing, is rich in vitamins, minerals and protein. In the following, we can see the amount of ingredients in 100 grams of this brown membrane:
- 265 calories
- 9.8 grams of water
- 12 grams of protein
- 12.8 grams of fat
- Starch 60 grams
- Calcium 70 mg
- Phosphorus 1100 mg
- Iron 16 mg
- Potassium 715 mg
- Vitamin B 1.85 mg
- Vitamin B2 0.18 mg
- Vitamin B3 28 mg
What is the difference between white and brown rice?
Each grain of rice consists of 4 layers, from the outside to the inside, respectively: paddy, bran (rich in fiber), germ (rich in vitamins and minerals) and endosperm (starchy part of rice). Paddy is the first layer of rice that cannot be eaten. In brown rice, only the paddy is separated and its lower layers, i.e. bran and germ, are preserved. But in white rice, the only remaining layer is the endosperm; for this reason, these two types of rice have different nutritional values and properties, which we have briefly mentioned below about the properties of each of these two types of rice.
Therapeutic benefits of white rice
In rice, there is a substance called Uridine, which has anti-neuro-inflammatory properties.
Rice is very rich in nutrients. Of course, as it was said, when they take the brown skin, it loses some of its vitamins.
Its nature is cold and dry, of course, scholars have different opinions.
Fresh rice has more vitamins than old rice. Most of the vitamins are in the skin and the brown membrane of rice.
Rice porridge is a suitable food for people with diarrhea and dysentery.
A compress with rice flour reduces fever.
Rice bran increases sperm production.
One of the very good and nourishing foods is rice milk, especially if it is eaten with honey and it causes sperm production.
Eating rice brightens the complexion.
Rice is useful for treating high blood pressure.
If you want to lose weight, eat only rice cakes for three days and do not eat anything else.
Those who have soda and psoriasis must include rice in their diet plan.
Eating keteh reduces the risk of stomach cancer.
Rice is the best food for recovery.
Those who have gonorrhea should include rice soup in their diet.
A type of malt is prepared from rice sprouts, which is used as a stomach tonic.
An infusion of the underground roots and stems of rice is used to increase urine secretions.
To treat fever, compress the body and head with rice.
Rice is sleepy.
Rice quenches thirst.
If you mix rice with milk and sugar and eat it, it is very nutritious and strengthens sexual power.
Eat rice with fresh buttermilk to get rid of nausea and vomiting.
If you soak white rice in water, its water is useful for treating diarrhea and stopping menstruation.
To remove skin inflammation, mix rice with starch or talcum powder and apply to the skin.
Scientists have proven that eating rice is very useful for treating high blood pressure.
Eating rice keeps blood sugar in balance.
An American doctor recommends rice diet to treat high blood pressure. He confirms to patients to eat rice without salt along with various fruits. Of course, scientists still don’t know what substance is in rice that causes blood pressure to drop
Rice diet is useful for kidney disorders.
Rice diet is also very useful for people with psoriasis.
Benefits of consuming rice 6 times a week, consuming grains or whole grains (such as brown rice) is very important and useful for postmenopausal women who have high cholesterol, high blood pressure and other symptoms of heart disease.
Rice is very useful for people who suffer from severe malnutrition.
Consuming rice reduces blood triglycerides and lowers blood pressure.
Rice increases resistance to insulin and is very useful for diabetic patients.
Therapeutic benefits of brown rice
The difference between brown and white rice is not only in their color. The whole grain of rice has several layers. If we remove only the outer layer, it is called brown rice.
As a result of this process, the least degradation in rice nutrients is achieved.
Now, if brown rice is milled, a large amount of the layers of the rice grain along with its bran and nutrients are lost, and what remains is white rice.
During the process of milling brown rice and turning it into white rice, 67% of vitamin B3, 80% of vitamin B1, 90% of vitamin B6, half of manganese, half of phosphorus, 60% of iron and all the soluble fibers and essential fatty acids found in it go away.
Certainly, brown rice has all the properties of white rice and in addition to them, it also has the following benefits:
Brown rice is a good source of manganese, selenium and magnesium.
A cup of brown rice provides 80% of the body’s daily need for manganese. Manganese helps in the production of energy from protein and carbohydrates and is also involved in the production of fatty acids. Manganese is very important for the health of the nervous system and for the production of sex hormones. Manganese is an important antioxidant that prevents cell destruction. Manganese prevents tremors, mental weakness, and skin acne and pancreas damage.
One cup of cooked brown rice provides about 27.3% of the body’s daily need for selenium. Selenium is one of the basic components of the body’s metabolism, for example, it participates in the metabolism of thyroid hormones, it is a type of antioxidant and it is responsible for the body’s immunity. Selenium completes its antioxidant role with the help of vitamin E. Selenium is not only important for fighting cancer, but it is very useful for heart diseases, reducing the symptoms of shortness of breath and pain, as well as relieving swelling and joint inflammation.
Since brown rice has a large amount of fiber and selenium, it is very useful for colon cancer patients.
Brown rice and all grains and whole grains are a very good source of magnesium. Magnesium activates more than 300 types of enzymes. These enzymes participate in the body’s use of glucose and insulin. According to the studies, brown rice reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Magnesium lowers blood pressure, eliminates migraine headaches, reduces shortness of breath, prevents muscle spasms, prevents fatigue, and reduces the incidence of heart attacks and heart diseases. Also, magnesium controls the movements of nerves and muscles by calcium.
Like calcium, magnesium is beneficial for bone health. Two thirds of magnesium in the body is in the bones.
Brown rice has 3 times more fiber than white rice. Fiber lowers cholesterol, controls blood sugar and diabetes, eliminates colon cancer and constipation.
Brown rice oil (or rice bran oil) has a small amount of LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol).
Basmati is partially made of brown rice. Basmati and other brown rice have a lower glycemic index.
Brown rice can be stored for up to 6 months.
If we eat rice with its bran and do not drain it, it will cause long life and slow graying of hair.
Those who have arteriosclerosis should eat rice with rice.
Rice bran lowers blood cholesterol.
Benefits of rice bran
Rice is one of the main sources of vitamin B1 or thiamine.
This vitamin is found in rice bran. So it can be said that white rice lacks this vitamin. But brown rice has this vitamin.
When this vitamin is low in the body, “Beriberi” disease occurs. This disease affects the heart and nerves. Vitamin B1 deficiency has other symptoms such as weakness, edema, fatigue, loss of appetite and nausea. People have also died due to this disease.
To compensate for the lack of vitamin B1, other sources of this vitamin can be used, such as: rice bran, nuts, peas, beans, bread, wheat germ, oranges, and whole grains.
Lose weight with rice
According to the obtained studies, weight loss is evident in people who consume cereals in whole grain form (or without processing).
So don’t bother trying to lose weight, but eat brown rice. Research has shown that foods that have a low “glycemic index” cause more weight loss than foods that are low in fat. Also, the feeling of hunger in people who consume foods from the first group is much less than those who consume foods from the second group. Foods that have a low glycemic index include carbohydrates that are not absorbed quickly. Such as: rice, buckwheat bread and other grains and seeds.
To lose weight, it is better to cook rice with a small amount of salt. Salt increases appetite, but it should not be eliminated. Reducing the consumption of salt in food reduces many diseases. Including reducing: cholesterol, blood pressure, heart size and weight. Also, low salt in food reduces the use of drug therapy.
To lose weight with rice, don’t forget physical activity and exercise.
Benefits of water or rice glaze
Rice water is cooling and diuretic.
Water or rice glaze is the best supplementary food for infants.
Use rice water to wash the wounds.
Rice water can be used to treat intestinal swelling and bloody vomiting.
Do not throw away the boiled rice water that you drain. Wash your jewelry with this water, which polishes them.
To clean the ink, it can be cleaned with boiled rice water.
Complications of rice and the serious danger of eating too much of it
Today, people use rice in most of their meals, so it is better to know that excessive consumption of rice brings serious consequences for the body.
Effects of excessive consumption of white rice
Rice is rich in carbohydrates and is a very good source of energy, it also helps in the proper functioning of the organs, especially the brain. Carbohydrates are essential for the human body because they are metabolized by the body and converted into energy.
Rice is low in two very dangerous substances, one is cholesterol and the other is sodium. High cholesterol can be dangerous for veins and arteries, while high amounts of sodium can be bad for those who suffer from high blood pressure.
Whole rice contains insoluble fiber that can protect the body against many cancers. It is also rich in natural antioxidants such as vitamin C, vitamin A, phenolic and flavonoids.
Studies show that brown rice contains large amounts of nutrients that stimulate the growth and activity of neurotransmitters, thereby significantly preventing Alzheimer’s disease.
Since white rice starch is sticky, it is harder to digest and may cause digestive problems.
Inorganic arsenic poison
Rice absorbs more arsenic than other food products. In fact, rice is the single largest food source of inorganic arsenic, a more toxic form. While dietary arsenic is generally present in small amounts and causes no immediate symptoms of poisoning, long-term ingestion of inorganic arsenic may cause various neurological problems in children and adolescents; including: inability to concentrate, learning and memory problems, reduced intelligence and social competence.
Also, its high consumption can increase the risk of cancer in a person. For this reason, researchers recommend that to remove arsenic in rice, it should be soaked the night before.
Rice contains carbohydrates that are equal to blood sugar. Therefore, frequent consumption of rice in large quantities can cause diabetes. A team of researchers confirmed this, they found that eating white rice on a daily basis can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes as well as obesity. In general, nutritionists suggest that we include whole grains in our food basket instead of carbohydrates.
It leaves no room for a balanced diet
Eating too much rice or any other food may cause you to eat less of the other nutrients needed to ensure optimal health. Over time, the body will suffer from deficiencies such as vitamin A, zinc, and iron.
Prevent absorption of several vitamins and minerals
When rice is consumed in large quantities, it reduces the absorption of vital nutrients such as zinc. Dependence on rice as a dominant food source also leads to vitamin A deficiency.
Effect on glucose metabolism in the body
Due to its lack of calories and high carbohydrates, eating too much rice may negatively affect your body’s glucose metabolism and insulin production, which can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance, and even diabetes.
Abdominal obesity, high concentration of blood triglycerides, low concentration of good HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, and high concentration of fasting blood sugar are other disadvantages of high consumption of rice.
The right way to stay away from the harm of white rice
Eating brown rice is a very good alternative to avoid the harm of white rice. Brown rice contains many nutrients for the body. White rice is obtained by grinding brown rice, and in the process of grinding, it loses many nutrients.
Increase physical activity
The most important factor to stay away from the harm of white rice is doing enough physical activities. If you have a job that does not have enough movement or you avoid movement during the day and night, we suggest you to be active along with eating white rice.
Avoiding the consumption of industrial and foreign rice
Industrial and foreign rice contain inorganic arsenic, which is a dangerous poison for the body, and its consumption will lead to irreparable consequences in the long run. Experts prevent us from consuming this type of rice.
What is rice weevil and how can it be prevented?
Rice weevil is one of the pests of rice storage. The seed of this pest may be placed on rice at any stage of rice production. If you put rice in favorable conditions for the growth of these insects, they will start growing and multiplying. These insects are not harmful to humans, but if you don’t prevent them from forming or if you don’t separate them if these insects form in rice, little by little all the rice will be crushed and disappear.
What is the best way to get rid of rice weevils?
Some of the suggested solutions for separating weevils from rice include sieving rice, spreading it under the sun, etc.; but none of these solutions have the convenience, speed and effectiveness of the method we mention below.
To use this method, you only need a fan and a container with a long wall, such as a pan or a bucket. In this method, in an open space such as a yard or balcony, place the container under the fan with a small distance. Now, from the top of the fan, pour the rice bit by bit leaning forward at an appropriate angle so that the rice, which is heavier, falls into the container and the weevils, which are lighter, are thrown away and out of the container. In order for the effect of this method to be greater and the rice to be completely free from weevils, this work can be done twice.
The best way to prevent regrowth of rice weevils after isolation
After the weevils are removed from the rice, you must do something to prevent them from growing again. You can use salt to prevent the growth of rice weevils, but you should keep in mind that salt alone will cause the rice to crumble in the long run. To prevent this from happening, mix some flour and salt in a ratio of 2 to 1 according to the volume of your rice.
For example, if you use one cup of flour, use half a cup of salt instead. After they are mixed, add some water to make a paste. Now make small round balls from this dough and then dry these balls completely by placing them in the sun or on a heater. After they are completely dry, take a cotton bag of 5 to 10 kilos of rice and pour a little rice in it (for example, a third). Then put some of these balls on it and do the same thing until the bag is completely filled in several steps. By doing this, you probably won’t see any signs of weevils reappearing in your rice.
Do not use rice tablets
Rice tablets are a substance that kills almost 100% of lice. But the important thing about it is that this pill contains a very dangerous poison and if it is used incorrectly, this poison enters the rice and can cause poisoning or even death of people. Therefore, it is recommended not to use this substance to eliminate bedbugs at home.